• 增长目的,Growth targets
  • 发布时间:2019-05-15 05:02 | 作者:locoy | 来源:原创 | 浏览:
  •   酷爱思英语编者按:国际消费尽值(GDP=Gross Domestic Product)是指壹个国度(国界范畴内)所拥有日驻单位在壹限期期内消费的所拥有终极产品和劳动政的市场价。GDP是国民经济核算的中心目的,亦权衡壹个国度或地区尽体经济情景要紧目的。

      Grossly Deceptive Plans

      国际虚假尽方案

      China’s obsession with GDP targets threatens its economy

      中国关于GDP(国际消费尽值)的依恋挟持着其经济展开

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      1 ON JANUARY 19th China declared that itsgross domestic product had grown by 6.9% in 2015, accounting for inflation—theslowest rate in a quarter of a century. It was neatly within the government’starget of “around 7%”, but many economists wondered whether the figure wasaccurate. Online chatter in China about dodgy GDP numbers was fuelled a weeklater by the arrest of the man who had announced the data: Wang Baoan, the headof the National Bureau of Statistics. The country’s anti-graft agency accusedhim of “serious disciplinary violations”, a euphemism for corruption. Butbeyond all the (justifiable) doubts about the figures lies another importantquestion. That is: why does China have a GDP target at all?

      1月19日,中国内阁对外面发表发出产,经畅通货收收缩要斋调理后,2015年的国际消费尽值增长臻6.9%——此雕刻是近25年到来最低的增长比值。此雕刻跟内阁预期的“父亲条约7%的增长”父亲致相符,但好多经济学家对此数据的正确性依然存放疑。壹周后,发表发出产经济增长数据的国度统计局局长王保装置被缉捕伸发了中国网绕上关于成疑GDP数据的暖和议。中国反贪婪机构控诉王保装置“严重违反纪律”的罪行名——此雕刻是贪婪垢的壹种婉辞。但在此雕刻些对数据的(靠边)质怀疑难面前存放在着壹个要紧的效实:一齐竟为什么中国会拥有GDP增长目的?

      2 It is the only large industrial countrythat sets one. Normally central banks declare specific goals for things likeinflation or unemployment. The idea that a government should aim for a particularrate of output expansion, and steer the economy to achieve that, is unusual. Inthe case of China, which is trying to wean its economy off excessive relianceon GDP-boosting (but often wasteful and debt-fuelling) investment, it is risky.It is inconsistent with the government’s own oft-repeated mantra that it is thequality of growth that matters, not the quantity.

      中国家要事独壹壹个设置GDP目的的工业父亲国。畅通日中银行条会发表发出产畅通货收收缩或赋闲比值等的特定目的。内阁为扩展产出产设定壹个特定的目的或装置抚经济到臻特定增长不是壹个普遍的做法。而对中国此雕刻个试图隔绝经济运转关于GDP弹奏触动式投资(但此雕刻畅通日是白费又招致债台高盖)依顶赖的国度到来说,此雕刻么的做法是风险的。同时此雕刻么的做法和内阁累次重申的口号——重质不分量——不相符。

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